Underground Fences for Dogs: How They Work and Why They’re a Safe Choice for Pet Owners

Three different dogs walking together inside an underground fence area

Ensuring the safety and freedom of your furry friend is a top priority for pet owners. One innovative solution that has gained popularity in recent years is the underground fence for dogs. In this comprehensive guide, we will delve into how underground fences work and why they are a safe and effective choice for pet owners seeking a reliable containment system.

Understanding Underground Fences for Dogs

An underground fence, often referred to as an invisible or electric fence, is a pet containment system that uses a combination of underground wires and a specialized collar to create boundaries for your dog. Here’s how it works:

Underground Wires

A series of wires are buried around the perimeter of your property, creating an invisible boundary. These wires are typically made of copper or insulated materials that are safe for burial in the ground.


A transmitter unit is placed in your home, usually in a garage or basement. It connects to the buried wires and sends a radio signal along the wires, defining the boundaries.

Receiver Collar

Your dog wears a receiver collar that is equipped with two metal probes that come into contact with their skin. When your dog approaches the boundary defined by the underground wires, the collar emits a warning beep.


If your dog continues to approach the boundary despite the warning beep, the collar delivers a static correction, often described as a mild static shock. This correction is designed to deter your dog from crossing the boundary.

 Why Underground Fences Are a Safe Choice?

Now, let’s explore the reasons why underground fences for dogs are considered a safe and responsible choice for pet owners:

Customizable Boundaries

One of the significant advantages of underground fences is their ability to create fully customizable boundaries. Whether you have a large rural property or a compact urban yard, you can tailor the fence to match your specific outdoor space. This flexibility allows your dog to enjoy a larger play area while ensuring their safety.

Safety for Your Pet

Underground fences are designed with your pet’s safety in mind. The static correction delivered by the collar is a mild and humane deterrent, akin to the sensation of static electricity. It is not intended to harm your dog but rather to get their attention and discourage them from crossing the boundary. Proper training is essential to ensure your pet understands the system’s limits.

Unobstructed Views

Unlike traditional above-ground fences, underground fences do not obstruct your view of the surrounding landscape. This means you can maintain the aesthetics of your property while keeping your pet safe. Additionally, your dog can enjoy an unobstructed view of the outside world.

No Digging or Climbing

Some dogs are natural diggers or climbers, and traditional fences may not be effective at keeping them contained. Underground fences eliminate these escape routes, providing a secure barrier that prevents your dog from digging under or climbing over the boundary.


Compared to traditional fencing, underground fences are often more cost-effective. They require minimal maintenance, with no need for staining, painting, or repairs. Once installed, the system is relatively low-maintenance, with the primary cost being the initial setup.

Compatibility with Landscaping

Underground fences can be installed without disturbing your landscaping. The wires can be buried discreetly, allowing you to maintain the beauty of your outdoor space without the visual impact of traditional fences.

Effective Training Required

While underground fences are considered safe, it’s crucial to emphasize that effective training is essential for their success. Pet owners must invest time and effort in teaching their dogs the boundaries of the system. With proper training, most dogs quickly learn to respect the boundaries and respond to the warning signals from the collar.

Choosing the Right Underground Fence for Dogs

When considering an underground fence for dogs, keep the following factors in mind:

Dog’s Size and Temperament

Consider your dog’s size and temperament when choosing the system and collar settings. Some systems offer adjustable correction levels to suit different dog personalities, from timid to stubborn.

Professional Installation

While some pet owners opt for DIY installation, it’s often recommended to have a professional install the system. Professional installers have the expertise to ensure the wires are buried correctly and that the system functions optimally.

Regular Maintenance

Although underground fences are low-maintenance, you should periodically check the system for any damage or wire breaks. Maintenance typically involves replacing batteries in the receiver collar and ensuring the wires are intact.


Invest time in training your dog to understand the boundaries of the underground fence. Consistent and patient training is key to ensuring your dog’s safety and compliance with the system.


Underground fences for dogs offer a safe and customizable solution for pet owners seeking to provide their furry companions with the freedom to explore their outdoor space while maintaining their safety. These systems work by creating invisible boundaries using buried wires and specialized collars that deliver mild static corrections when necessary.

While underground fences are considered a safe and humane option, they require responsible ownership, including proper training and maintenance. When used correctly, these systems offer a secure and effective way to keep your pet safe while enjoying the great outdoors.

Remember that your pet’s safety and well-being should always be a top priority. If you are considering an underground fence for your dog, consult with a professional installer and invest time in training to ensure a successful and safe experience for your furry friend.